Business of jewellery is an emerging business in India these days. As everybody knows that India was known as Bird of gold, so India is the origin of gold jewellery. Apart from that the trend is moving towards Artificial Jewellery. In today’s world the teens are more interested in fashion jewellery.
When we talk about the word History different eras and ages comes into our minds. We will found out here about the History of Jewelry in different eras.
First if we talk about the early history, the people of Africa generated the first sign of jewelry. In Kenya, beads made from perforated ostrich egg shells have been dated to more than 40,000 years ago. Around 7,000 years ago first sign of copper jewelry was seen.
The most common metal used in Egypt was gold for making jewellery, they prefer gold the most over other metals. The first sign of jewellery in Ancient Egypt was around 3,000-5,000 years ago. Also the Egyptians use colored glass in place of precious gems. According to Egyptians as each color means different thing, they use to color the glasses to develop jewelry items.
Now when we come to the Europe and Middle East. If we talk about Mesopotamia, by approximately 4,000 years ago, jewelry-making had become a significant craft in cities of Sumer and Akkad. Jewellery was made from thin metal leaf and was set with large number of brightly-colored stones in Mesopotamia. Then talking about the Greeks, they started using gold and gems in jewellery in 1600 BC. By 300 BC, the Greeks were mastered in making colored jewelry and using amethysts, pearl and emeralds. Greeks generally don’t wore jewellery it was mostly used for public appearances or on some special occasions. Although jewellery work was abundantly diverse in earlier times, when the Romans conquered the most of Europe, jewellery was changed as smaller factions developed the Roman designs.
Now when we come to the Jewish time Since Biblical times jewellery has been a part of the Jewish culture. There are references in the Bible to the wearing of the jewellery, both as a decoration and as symbol as well. Star of David is the most common symbol in Jewish jewellery.
The Indian subcontinent has the longest continuous legacy of jewellery making anywhere, with a history of over 5,000 years. The people of the Indus Valley Civilization were the first one to start jewelry making. Although the China started making the jewelry around the same period, but it became widespread with the spread of Buddhism around 2,000 years ago.
Ending with the Americans, Jewellery played a major role in the fate of the Americas when the Spanish established an empire to seize South American gold. There were mainly many American cultures which were expertise in jewellery making common among them was the Aztecs, the Mixtecs, the Mayans and the Mochica. In North America, the native Americans used shells, wood, turquoise, and soapstone, almost unavailable in South and Central America. These all materials were used in making different jewellery ornaments.